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Estimating Impacts and Cost of Air Pollution Due to Road Infrastructure Projects

EasyChair Preprint no. 7153

17 pagesDate: December 4, 2021


Economic activities in the world is growing at an enormous pace and thus it is requiring to connect with the areas never touched before, leading to high scale infrastructure development. This is a good thing from a normal human perspective as it is giving opportunity to lower income people to earn the bread on their own but this development has its own consequences. With an objective to improve the connectivity between two points, the infrastructure projects are awarded without significant consideration towards environment. This study presents an estimate of damage produced by vehicle operation in terms of monetary values. This gives an opportunity to the Indian infrastructure planners to take environmental damage cost into account for selecting a suitable alignment between two nodes, which is not a common practice in India. The study included two-fold objective to quantify the emissions from vehicles of a typical national highway traffic in terms of capital cost and to compare the changes in the cost associated with the emissions by shifting vehicle operation from BS IV to BS VI. In order to achieve the objectives, secondary data from an alignment of Maharashtra and Karnataka was utilized. The study adopts a methodology of finding out the difference in the cost between BS IV and BS VI vehicular operation based on standard emission norms and unit costs of pollutants suggested by researchers around the globe. This gives us an approximate estimate of how much damage is posed to the environment and health effects on nearby residents or users of the link by operating a vehicle for one km. Data collected from various reports give an indication of total overhead cost to upgrade the fuel technology and vehicles as per BS VI norms.

Keyphrases: air pollution, Air Pollution Cost, Damage cost, Emission Quantification, Energy, exhaust emission cost, Fuel Technology, Traffic, unit cost

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Ranjan Sharma and Anush Chandrappa},
  title = {Estimating Impacts and Cost of Air Pollution Due to Road Infrastructure Projects},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 7153},

  year = {EasyChair, 2021}}
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