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Airborne Particle Classification in LiDAR Point Clouds Using Deep Learning

EasyChair Preprint no. 1443

14 pagesDate: September 1, 2019


LiDAR sensors have been very popular in robotics due to their ability to provide accurate range measurements and their robustness to lighting conditions. However, their sensitivity to airborne particles such as dust or fog can lead to perception algorithm failures (e.g. the detection of false obstacles by field robots). In this work, we address this problem by proposing methods to classify airborne particles in LiDAR data. We propose and compare two deep learning approaches, the first is based on voxel-wise classification, while the second is based on point-wise classification. We also study the impact of different combinations of input features extracted from LiDAR data, including the use of multi-echo returns as a classification feature. We evaluate the performance of the proposed methods on a realistic dataset with the presence of fog and dust particles in outdoor scenes. We achieve an F1 score of 94% for the classification of airborne particles in LiDAR point clouds, thereby significantly outperforming the state-of-the-art. We show the practical significance of this work on two real-world use cases: a relative pose estimation task using point cloud matching, and an obstacle detection task. The code and dataset used for this work are available online.

Keyphrases: Airborne particles, Classification, deep learning, Field Robotics, LiDAR, Obscurants, perception

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Leo Stanislas and Julian Nubert and Daniel Dugas and Julia Nitsch and Niko Sünderhauf and Roland Siegwart and Cesar Cadena and Thierry Peynot},
  title = {Airborne Particle Classification in LiDAR Point Clouds Using Deep Learning},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 1443},

  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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