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Thermodynamics limits in Oscillators and Phase Locked Loops

EasyChair Preprint no. 928

4 pagesDate: April 25, 2019


In this paper the impact of thermal noise in time domain signal processing is reviewed with an emphasis on oscillators and phase locked loops. It will be shown that both oscillators and phase-locked loops display an upper bound in their efficiency that is fundamentally thermodynamic limited. Such upper bound will be used to derive two comparative figure-of-merits (FoMs) that resemble the one already present in literature. Finally, an analysis of the state of the art of the designs already present in literature confirms the proposed analysis.

Keyphrases: Figure of merit (FOM), Jitter, Phase Locked Loop (PLL), phase noise, time domain, Voltage Controlled Oscillator (VCO)

BibTeX entry
BibTeX does not have the right entry for preprints. This is a hack for producing the correct reference:
  author = {Armina Khakpour and Antonio Liscidini},
  title = {Thermodynamics limits in Oscillators and Phase Locked Loops},
  howpublished = {EasyChair Preprint no. 928},

  year = {EasyChair, 2019}}
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